The 4C/ID model is a specific framework, consistent with David Merrill’s principles (see ‘First principles of instruction’), and based on

4 c model
Schematic of 4C/ID model

research on the limitations of working memory (cognitive load theory) [7]. Instructional blueprints are described using four basic components:

  1. tasks
  2. supportive information
  3. procedural information, and
  4. part-task practice

Key resource: 

van Merriënboer, J.J.G., Clark, R.E. & de Croock, M.B.M. (2002). Blueprints for complex learning: The 4C/ID-model. Educational Technology Research & Development, 50, 39–61. DOI